The image below shows a map of every council area in Melbourne, as well as its surrounds, such as the Mornington Peninsula (click for larger version).
Melbourne is Australia’s second-largest city – second only to Sydney. It is also Victoria’s capital and its largest city. In 2012, the Melbourne metropolitan area had a population of 4.2 million people. It was ranked second in Monocle’s Quality of Life Survey in 2013.
Melbourne is physically situated on the shores of Port Phillip, with the CBD located at the bay’s northernmost point. Melbourne’s suburbs sprawl outwards in all directions; in particular, it has a particularly long reach on the eastern side of Port Phillip in the area known as the Mornington Peninsula.
Melbourne’s climate can be considered a moderate oceanic climate. The coldest recorded temperature in Melbourne was -3 degrees Celsius and the hottest recorded temperature was 46 degrees Celsius. Over the course of an entire year, the average high temperature is 20 degrees Celsius and the average low is 10 degrees Celsius. Melbourne has an average of 151 rainy days per year and 650mm of rainfall annually.
Unlike Sydney’s haphazard street layout, Melbourne has a largely grid-based street layout. In the CBD, the grid is known as the Hoddle Grid, named after its designer Robert Hoddle, who first laid the grid out in 1837.
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