Adelaide is Australia’s fifth-largest city, with a population of 1.2 million people (2011). It is South Australia’s largest city and also, its capital. Unlike Sydney and Melbourne, which were penal colonies, Adelaide was planned from the start as a freely settled city.
Similar to Melbourne, Adelaide has a grid-based street layout. The central business district of Adelaide is surrounded by a ring of parks known as the Adelaide Parklands. Adelaide’s original design was created by South Australia’s first surveyor-general, Colonel William Light.
Adelaide has a warm Mediterranean climate. Its hottest recorded temperature is 46 degrees Celsius and its lowest recorded temperature is 0 degrees Celsius. Throughout the year, the average high temperature is 22 degrees Celsius and the average low temperature is 12 degrees Celsius. Adelaide has an average of 121 rainy days per year.
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